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Major changes to federal energy efficiency tax incentives might give you a financial boost
Home Improvement  blog tag

Major changes to federal energy efficiency tax incentives might give you a financial boost

New federal tax incentives for energy-efficient home improvements take effect, giving homeowners more reasons to renovate

Thanks to the federal tax incentives laid out in 2022 in the Inflation Reduction Act, homeowners are now eligible for larger tax credits and rebates for making energy efficient upgrades than ever before. The financial incentives fall into two categories: tax credits on your taxes the following year or rebates that reduce the upfront cost of appliances or machines and their installation.

This article will help you determine the best incentives for your projects by explaining how the new and updated tax incentives and rebates work.

Key Overview

  • The Inflation Reduction Act, passed in 2022, has gone into effect, providing significant tax incentives for energy efficient home improvements and repairs

  • The new law includes tax credits and upfront rebates on a variety of energy efficient upgrades, including appliances, weatherization, insulation, and windows

  • In addition, we continue to have the Federal Solar Tax Credit for solar panel installations and interest payment tax credits on home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) used for home improvement purposes

What is the Inflation Reduction Act?

The Inflation Reduction Act passed last fall offers Americans a great opportunity to save thousands of dollars - electric cars, induction stoves and modern appliances are now eligible for tax credits. This comes as part of the Biden administration's goal of reducing our climate footprint by half in the next decade. If we want to reach that target, many of the homes across America must be electrified: natural gas furnaces and cookers have to be swapped out for environmentally friendly versions like electric heat pumps and induction stoves which plug into a far cleaner and more efficient renewable energy system.

The good news is that this switch will not only reduce our carbon footprints for years to come, but can help people save money thanks to tax credits like the 2023 Energy Tax Credit. This credit is available on electric vehicles as well as a range of modern appliances - although an initial investment may be required, the tax credit could result in significant savings over time. Ultimately, switching from fossil fuels to clean resources could revolutionize our energy sector while playing an important role in meeting both national and global environmental targets.

Current high-efficiency home energy rebates and credits

The law currently provides a number of tax incentives to those who wish to purchase or install energy-saving technology in 2023. Specifically, the benefits include two distinct types of support: rebates and tax credits. Rebates lower the upfront expenditure on installation and machines, while tax credits can be redeemed when filing taxes in the following year. The rebate program is available to low and middle-income residents earning between 80% and 150% of an area's median income—though there is a limited budget set aside for this, so its effects may not last through the whole 10-year duration. On the other hand, qualifying people earning below 80% of area income can expect to have their costs completely covered by the rebates provided as part of this initiative.

It’s important for people wishing to make use of these incentive programs to note that although they will remain active until at least 2032 some may not yet be available in 2023 due to states being required to set up their own policies and qualifications concerning their associated initiatives—so it’s best to check with your local authorities beforehand. However, there are many great opportunities on offer for individuals or organizations committed to reducing their own ecological footprint.

The 25C Energy Efficiency Home Improvement Tax Credit

The 25C Energy Efficiency Home Improvement tax credit is a great incentive for homeowners to invest in energy efficiency. Thanks to the Inflation Reduction Act, the value of this tax credit has been increased by 20%, making it more valuable than ever before. Homeowners can now receive up to 30% back of their project costs, with a maximum return of $2,000 for electric and gas heat pumps and heat pump water heaters, biomass stoves, boilers, and weatherization installs such as air sealing and insulation work or electrical panel upgrades that allow for the use of a qualified energy-efficient upgrade.

This comprehensive home improvement tax credit makes it easier than ever before for homeowners to invest in energy efficient measures for their homes. This not only helps reduce electricity costs but also contributes towards a more sustainable lifestyle. Combined with other incentives like cash rebates, this home improvement tax credit is worth considering if you are looking at ways to make your home more efficient.

Homeowner and Occupant Monetary Encouragement and Stability Rebate (HOMES) 

The HOMES rebate program is a much needed incentive for homeowners and occupants to invest in energy saving upgrades and renovations. Due to be implemented in 2023 through state energy offices, the program offers generous rebates for whole-house energy saving retrofits completed between 2023 and 2031. With the potential of significant costs associated with these projects, participants can be reimbursed up to $10,000 per unit for improvements such as purchasing energy-efficient appliances, installing insulation or new windows.

Partaking in the program requires that participants prove their expenditures led to an actual reduction in energy consumption either by computer software modeling or by measuring savings over time. This allows for accurate reimbursement based on each individual’s efforts towards improving their environmentally friendly living conditions. It also strengthens a person’s confidence in investing in green initiatives by providing them with financial incentives that make it more worth their while. The HOMES Reboot Program is an encouraging effort toward increasing our nation’s efficiency, conserving resources and working towards sustainability goals.

High-Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Act (HEEHRA)

The High-Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Act (HEEHRA) is an upcoming energy-saving upgrade program that provides point-of-sale rebates for low- and middle-income families. This program was created to help families take advantage of new technologies in energy efficiency. In 2023, those eligible will receive up to $14,000 for approved projects. Low-income households are eligible to receive 100% of costs up to specified caps, whereas moderate income households will be covered at 50%. The federal government will provide grants to states that cover the cost of each project.

Qualified projects include new heat pump HVAC systems, and the maximum rebate amount for these projects is $4,000. This act is a great way for families with minimal resources to move toward a greener future without being overwhelmed by significant financial burdens. It also helps to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, thereby protecting our environment for generations to come. HEEHRA is an early step towards making our society more energy efficient in a cost-effective manner.

Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit (EEHIC)

The Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit is an exciting new incentive for homeowners looking to make improvements to their home. The Inflation Reduction Act expanded existing tax credits available for certain energy-efficient home improvements, and the new credit allows homeowner to receive 30% of of the cost of the eligible products with an annual cap of $1,200 and up to a maximum of $600 per project. This could go a long way for people who want to make their homes more energy efficient, as it provides significant savings on investments in insulation, heating systems, roofing materials, and other eligible products.

For additional savings, home owners can also get a credit worth up to $150 when they have a certified energy auditor complete an energy audit on their residence. All primary residences and secondary residences qualify for the credits under this program making it open to all types of home owners looking for ways to save money while reducing their environmental impact. With these incentives available, more people are sure to invest in their dwellings leading toward improving energy efficiency across the nation.

Federal Solar Tax Credit 

The federal government's solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC) incentivizes homeowners to make the switch to solar by providing them with a generous tax credit for their income taxes. This broad policy has been in effect since 2006 and has helped propel the solar industry's remarkable 10,000% growth rate over the last 14 years. The resulting economic impacts have been immense, creating hundreds of thousands of jobs and generating billions of dollars in investments throughout the United States.

Those who choose to go solar can qualify for the ITC for the tax year they install their solar panels as long as the system generates electricity for a home in America. Thanks to this incentive, an increasing number of American homeowners are finding that going green is good for the environment and reduces their long-term energy costs while earning them a solid return on investment. With more capabilities than ever before, now it's easier than ever to take advantage of this opportunity and get rewarded for making a difference in our society and the planet at large.

The Federal Solar Tax Credit is a very beneficial option for consumers that can provide a percentage of the cost of a PV system. Beginning in 2020, the investment tax credit (ITC) provided a 26% tax credit for those who purchased and installed solar panels during this period. This rate was then bumped up to 30% for systems installed between 2022-2032. This allows individuals to save substantially on their cost of solar energy as they can claim this amount from their federal income taxes.

Importantly, it must be noted that this amount can only be claimed once and if the taxes owed that year are less than the value of the credit earned, then it will roll over into the following year. This makes the installation of solar energy even more appealing as many homeowners may not have enough income tax liability to take full advantage of the credit in one year.

Home equity tax deductions from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)

The deductibility of interest on a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC) is one of the most sought-after tax benefits for homeowners. According to the IRS, in order for the interest to be deductible, it must conform to certain criteria. The loan must be secured by either your main home or second home and cannot exceed the cost of the home plus other costs associated with its purchase. Additionally, you can only deduct interest on a HELOC if the funds were used to pay for expenditures related to purchasing or substantially improving the residence that secures the loan. For example, building an addition onto a house would qualify but using it to pay off personal expenses like credit card debts would not.

In order for interest on a HELOC to be tax deductible, it must meet certain conditions set forth by the IRS. First, it must be secured against either your main or second residence and not exceed its cost in total plus additional improvements made to it. Furthermore, you can only deduct interest on your HELOC if you use those funds directly towards purchasing or improving your residence in some way; when used for non-qualifying purposes such as paying off credit cards or other personal expenses then any resulting interest becomes non-deductible.

The bottom line

The combination of the Federal Solar Tax Credit and the Home Equity Tax Deductions from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act provides a powerful incentive for homeowners to take advantage of energy-efficient home improvements. The tax credits and deductions give individuals a financial boost that can significantly reduce the cost of solar or other home improvement projects. With generous incentives in place, now is an excellent opportunity for homeowners to invest in energy efficient home improvements and save money on energy costs for years to come. 


This article is published for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, tax, legal, or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, and accounting advisors when preparing your tax returns.

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